|Yom Yerushalayim: Rav Kook Arrives in Jaffa|
|Written by Rabbi Chanan Morrison|
One hundred years ago, on the 28th of Iyar, 5664 (1904), a ship bearing Rav Kook and his family docked at the port of Jaffa. The previous rabbi of Jaffa had passed away two years earlier. R. Yoel Moshe Solomon (1838-1912),
a pioneering figure in Jerusalem and one of the founders of Petach Tikva, was among the first to suggest that Rav Kook, then serving as the rabbi of Bausk, be offered the position. Solomon brought the proposal to Rabbi Eliyahu David Rabinowitz-Teumim (commonly known by the acronym Aderet), the chief rabbi of Jerusalem and Rabbi Kook's father-in-law.
That very day, the Aderet sent an urgent message to his son-in-law advising him to accept the position of rabbi of Jaffa and its surrounding communities. Rabbi Kook was delighted with the suggestion, but wanted to know what Rabbi Shmuel Salant, the previous chief rabbi of Jerusalem and its elder statesman, thought about the proposal. The Aderet reported that, when he queried Rabbi Salant, the scholar happily responded, "If only!"
The Aderet later noted with irony, 'In truth, my son-in-law should have been appointed the rabbi of the holy city of Jerusalem, and I should have been the rabbi of the small town of Jaffa.' Fifteen years later, Rav Kook did in fact become the chief rabbi of Jerusalem.
Despite the insistence of the community of Bausk that their beloved rabbi not abandon them, Rabbi Kook saw in the Jaffa position a fulfillment of his long-cherished dream to live in the Holy Land. In the early summer of 1904, Rabbi Kook and his family made their way to pre-state Israel through Odessa. On the beach of Jaffa, they were greeted enthusiastically by the community. Yoel Moshe Solomon, together with other public figures who had worked towards the appointment, set out in a small boat to greet the new rabbi.
The weekly newspaper Ha-Hashkafah described the momentous occasion:
"On Friday, the 28th of Iyar, our new rabbi made his appearance in our town. ... He was received with great honor by residents of the community from all sections of the population. Messengers came from Jerusalem, to welcome him in the name of Rabbi Shmuel Salant and the Aderet. Delegates also came from the villages of Rishon Letzion, Petach Tikvah, and so on, to receive their new rabbi."
"Important representatives from the Sephardic community also arrived, and he spoke with them in pure Hebrew. It is rare to find an (Ashkenazic) rabbi who can speak such a pure, flowing Hebrew. On the Sabbath morning, the rabbi spoke well with a clear, unadulterated Hebrew, and the Sephardic Jews also understood his words and enjoyed the sermon."
"Even the Chabad Chasidim expressed their opinion that they consider the new rabbi to be the best possible choice. They concluded that such a rabbi was on par with the rabbis of the greatest cities of the world, due to his great wisdom and erudition.... They also consoled themselves, that even though the new rabbi was educated in non-Chasidic yeshivas, on his mother's side he is descended from Chabad Chasidim, and is endowed with several Chasidic qualities."
"Rav Kook's house was a few hundred steps from our home. His house was enclosed with a whitewashed fence. There was a gate to the courtyard, a small garden inside, and a well of water. Just the sight of the house conveyed an atmosphere of serenity and celebration. Through the open windows of the house, we could hear the sounds of Jews studying Torah. And when the figure of Rav Kook would appear in the opening of the gate, as he readied himself to walk to synagogue — this image at the gate would always take my breath away."
"As a child I adored him, because of his beauty, his noble serenity, and his unwavering poise. His persona fascinated me so much, that I would literally follow after him, placing my feet in the footprints that he left in the sand. ... I never met another man like that, a rabbi who knew how to attract people from all sectors and factions. What a figure he was!"
Copyright (c) 2006-2010 by Chanan Morrison